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2 edition of relative intensities of mercury lines under different conditions of excitation... found in the catalog.

relative intensities of mercury lines under different conditions of excitation...

Marcel Jules Edward Golay

relative intensities of mercury lines under different conditions of excitation...

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Published by n.p. in [Minneapolis .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Radiation.,
  • Spectrum analysis.,
  • Mercury.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Marcel Jules Edward Golay.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQC462.M4 G6 1931
    The Physical Object
    Pagination1 p. l., p. 821-829.
    Number of Pages829
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL6274592M
    LC Control Number32013562
    OCLC/WorldCa28236990

    N{sub 2}/O{sub 2} plasmas are currently investigated under a variety of excitation conditions (microwave, dc, rf) and devices (afterglow, pulsed discharge, jets). The stream of species from such plasma are used for surface treatments of polymers, silicon, steel etc. and for material testing under conditions simulating re-entry problems of space.


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relative intensities of mercury lines under different conditions of excitation... by Marcel Jules Edward Golay Download PDF EPUB FB2

The Relative intensities of mercury lines under different conditions of excitation by Marcel Jules Edouard Golay. [A thesis.] by Marcel Jules Edouard Golay (Book). Unlike the other tabulated data, the relative intensities are not basic data and must be used with caution. The relative intensities of the spectral lines observed for any element de-pend upon the light source and excitation conditions.

Thus, even if the relative intensities observed in a particular experi. Assume the excitation sources in Problem (above) have the same power. (a) Compare the relative intensities of the CCl4 Raman lines when each of the two excita-tion sources is used.

(b) If the intensities were recorded with a typical monochromator/ photomultiplier system, why would the measured intensity ratios differ from the ratio cal.

Light from a 6-inch quartz mercury arc lamp is condensed by means. of ah 8-inch glass condenser on to one face of the crystal and the emerging out of orle of the other faccs of the crystal is focussed on the. slit of a two-prism glass spectrograph of high light gathering power with a.

suitable lens. The three lines at, and nm were resolved when the slits were screwed down to give a half-band width of nm. Their relative intensities were estimated at 5,andrespectively. By approxi- mating the light distribution with these three lines.

The relative intensities of the lines depend on the circumstances of excitation and de-excitation of the atoms and ions and emission and possible re-absorption of the photons.

Assuming a thin plasma sheet in thermodynamic equilibrium, only temperature and electron density are. Relative internal conversion coefficients are obtained by taking the ratio of the conversion line intensities to the gamma-ray relative intensities.

To normalize the relative internal conversion coefficients, a Te m source is mixed with the source to be measured and the experimentally measured Te keV K-shell internal conversion. Geneviève Guillot, in Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry, Logging applications.

The NMR signal intensity provides a measurement of the fluid-filled porosity. However, water in clay or shale has an apparent T 2 that is too short to be visible to the logging tools and the NMR signal comes mainly from water in larger pores and from oil.

From the relaxation time distribution, an. Observe the lines and draw them on the chart below. red yellow green blue violet Mercury Spectrum: Observe the lines and draw them on the chart below. Just as H and Hg differ, so each atom has a unique spectrum.

red yellow green blue violet Neon Spectrum: Simply observe. Notice the number of lines in the red and yellow portion of the Size: KB. The Frank-Hertz Experiment and Quantized Energy Levels. atoms during its passage through the tube.

(Note: the conditions of the neon tube and spectrum are such that only 3 drops may be seen. If one is fortunate, as many as six drops in current may be observed in mercury.) The excitation energy can be determined from the spacing of the peaks.

X-ray series comprising several lines in each case. Accurate data on the relative intensities of these L X-ray lines for different elements at different incident photon energies are of considerable importance for investigation of atomic inner-shell photoionization processes as well as for a variety of applications.

Primary excitation is when electrons collide with and excite mercury gas. Secondary excitation is when ultraviolet light from the mercury excites a phosphor to emit visible light.

A throbbing pulse of electromagnetic radiation is called a. A laser only emits light of high irradiance at a very narrow wavelength interval, typically under nm, which makes an excitation monochromator or filter unnecessary.

The disadvantage of this method is that the wavelength of a laser cannot be changed by much. A mercury vapor lamp is a line lamp, meaning it emits light near peak wavelengths. Also, the relative intensities of the lines shown here may be quite different in the lamp you observe, as they depend on the excitation conditions in the discharge.

The region shown is the wavelength interval from nm (left edge) to nm (right edge), with wavelength going linearly with position on the screen. The traditional method of atomic line identifications in a stellar spectrum is based on the comparison of stellar and atomic line intensities and wavelengths.

Special attention is given to multiplets (cf. Moore ) as the relative intensities of lines within a multiplet are only weakly dependent on the excitation conditions of most spectroscopic. atomic lines of N, O, H and molecular bands of NO, N2, O2, OH, CO, CN were identified. Using relative intensities of analytical CuI lines, nm (the product of electrode emission) and N2 (C 3Π u-B 3Π g) 2 +-system band at nm (the dominating component of plasma-forming gas), the temperature of electronic excitation of.

Particles have both wave and particle behavior a. We cannot know the momentum position at same time (uncertainty principle) 2. Energy has discrete value 1, 2, 3, 4. Raman spectroscopy (/ ˈ r ɑː m ən /); (named after Indian physicist C. Raman) is a spectroscopic technique typically used to determine vibrational modes of molecules, although rotational and other low-frequency modes of systems may also be observed.

Raman spectroscopy is commonly used in chemistry to provide a structural fingerprint by which molecules can be identified. Therefore, the net analyte signals obtained under different conditions were measured, related to the highest value in the measurement series, and given as the relative intensities.

The analytical line used was the atomic line of Hg I nm [ 20 ].Cited by: An excitation spectrum is the opposite, whereby the emission light is held at a constant wavelength, and the excitation light is scanned through a many different wavelengths (via a monochromator).

An Emission Map is measured by recording a number of different emission spectra created from different excitation wavelengths, and combining them all. (1) Check peak positions and relative peak intensities of 2 or more peaks (photoemission lines and Auger lines) of an element (2) Check spin orbital splitting and area ratios for p, d, f peaks A marine sediment sample from Victoria Harbor The following elements were found: O, C, Cl, Si, F, N, S, Al, Na, Fe, K, Cu, Mn, Ca, Cr, Ni, Sn, Zn, Ti, Pb, V.

The ratios of intensities of the spectral bands of molecular nitrogen corresponding to transitions), N 2 (C 3 Π u, v = 0) → N 2 (B 3 Π g, v = 0) and N 2 (C 3 Π u, v = 2) → N 2 (B 3 Π g, v = 5) as a function of the applied electric field strength were measured for air in the pressure range of to 10 5 Pa.

The non-self-sustaining dc discharge in a parallel-plane gap was used for Cited by: Wavelengths of Spectral Lines in Mercury Pencil Lamps. Hg lamp made under identical conditions. a Intensities are relative values based on irradiance values from Ref. The dependence of relative intensities on decay time for mercury spectral line and selected nitrogen spectral systems at different titration positions were measured.

The relative intensities of nitrogen bands decrease with increasing of mercury line relative intensity for all total gas : Ivana Teslíková.

The spectral line intensities of argon atom lines and copper atom and ion lines were calculated for a Grimm-type glow discharge source under typical conditions of glow discharge optical.

The absorption spectrum can therefore be used as a surrogate excitation spectrum data set. Under the same conditions, the fluorescence emission spectrum is independent of the excitation wavelength, due to the partial dissipation of excitation energy during the excited-state lifetime, as illustrated in Figure 2.

The optical properties of minerals fundamentally arise from their crystal structure and the spatial arrangement of those crystals across many length scales 1,2,3,4, the small class of organic Cited by: 1.

Photo-induced delayed luminescence of human serum and its dependence on excitation conditions Hua Bai, Lie Lin, Ping Chen, Guoqing Tang Proc. SPIE.Optics in. Mapping intermolecular bonding in C60 reaction maps for the products obtained under different conditi12,13 relative intensities from different Cited by:   High Pressure Mercury Lamps.

Compared with xenon lamps, Hg lamps have higher intensities. As shown in Figure \(\PageIndex{11}\) the intensity of Hg lamps is concentrated in a series of lines, so it is a potentially better excitation light source if.

Raman spectroscopy has emerged as a powerful and important characterisation tool for probing molecular semiconducting materials. The useful optoelectronic properties of these materials arise from the delocalised π-electron density in the conjugated core of the molecule, which also results in large Raman scattering cross-sections and a strong coupling between its electronic states and Cited by: tunately does not permit quantitative comparison of the relative intensities of the various speotra.

Umberger and Curtis (4) have investigated the with each of the mercury lines mentioned as the exciting under the conditions described by Bates and Cohen and con.

Optical highlighters generally display little or no initial fluorescence under excitation at the imaging wavelength, but increase their fluorescence intensity after activation by irradiation at a different wavelength. Fluorescence Photomicrography. Read more about photomicrography under fluorescence illumination conditions can present a unique.

Online mercury determination by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy with the assistance of solution cathode glow discharge.

Peichao Zheng *, Hongdi Liu, Jinmei Wang, Minjie Shi, Xiaomeng Wang, Bin Zhang and Rui Yang College of Optoelectronic Engineering, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing Municipal Level Key Laboratory of Photoelectronic Information Cited by:   To better quantify this intensity difference, we compared the ratio in intensity of the different C = O peaks under different irradiation.

SI Appendix, Fig. S3 shows that the ratio of the unsaturated (at 1, cm −1)-to-saturated (at 1, cm −1) ketone/aldehyde band intensities (I unsat /I sat) for Soot is much higher than that for Cited by: 8.

Nutting"1 Tugmanj RadiationfromGases 51 TABLEI HLine-Intensity-^Intensityati=2Q,p=\mm Currentinm.a. a S. S r P^ T abc 20 40 50 75 2 4 1 1 3 2 5 3 1 2 2 2 Excitation stability is extremely important because the correction factors α and γ depend on relative laser line intensities.

We observed considerable drift and slow oscillations (at a timescale of one to several minutes) in excitation line intensity on several different confocal systems (Fig.

4 A). Changes of several percent are common Cited by: The mixture (under a pressure of 1, 5 mm Hg), enclosed in a Geissler tube with external electrodes, was submitted to a Tesla discharge. The composition was determined by measuring the relative intensities of the H β and D β lines on a photographic plate by the stepped sector method.

The experimental curve, giving the isotopic content ratios Cited by: 7. The 5 peaks in the mass spectrum shows that there are 5 isotopes of zirconium - with relative isotopic masses of 90, 91, 92, 94 and 96 on the 12 C scale.

The abundance of the isotopes. This time, the relative abundances are given as percentages. Again you can find these relative abundances by measuring the lines on the stick diagram. Several proteins of photosystem II (PSII) and its light-harvesting antenna (LHCII) are reversibly phosphorylated according to light quantity and quality.

Nevertheless, the interdependence of protein phosphorylation, nonphotochemical quenching, and efficiency of electron transfer in the thylakoid membrane has remained elusive. These questions were addressed by investigating in parallel the wild. Fluorescence-based ligand-binding assay Following purification of bloodstream form trypanosomes by DEAE chromatography, the cells were centrifuged in a swing-out rotor at RPM for 10 min at 4 °C and the pellet of cells resuspended in ice-cold TES cell buffer (30 mM TES, mM NaCl, 5 mM KCl, 16 mM Na 2 HPO 4, mM KH 2 PO 4, 3 mM MgSO Cited by: In case of synchronous motor, we give DC supply(excitation) to its field winding placed on rotor.

To set a required flux, we have three conditions- 1- Normal.The method originally used by Huggins, who first conceived and proved the possibility of measuring stellar velocities in the line of sight, was to measure with a filar micrometer the displacement of some well-known line in a stellar spectrum relative to the corresponding line of a terrestrial spectrum.